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Jul 4, 2016

Rathyatra: Interesting Facts & Details of 3 Chariots (Rath) of Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra

Interesting Facts & Details of 3 Chariots (Rath) of Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra, rathyatra, rath details, construction, cloths, wheels, dadhinauti, logs, chariot, The Taladhwaja, Langaladhwaja, Deva Dalan, Darpadalan or Padma Dhwaja, The Nandighosa, Garudadhwaja, Kapiladhwaja complete details, facts and trivia,
We have collected some interesting facts and information regarding Rathyatra & Chariots (Rath) of  Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, Devi Subhadra. Lets check out below. Odia version (PDF) will available soon.

Details of "TALADHWAJA" Rath of Lord Balabhadra

Name of the Chariot — The Taladhwaja, Langaladhwaja
Presiding Deity — Lord Balabhadra
Height — 13.2 meters (43.3feet)
Length & Breadth — 33 feet x 33 feet
No. of wheels and their Heights — 16 Wheels (Now: 14) Height: 6 feet 6 inch
No. of Wooden log used —  763
Color of The Cloth — Green, Red
No. of Side deities — 9 Idols & 2 Door Guard Idols
Name of  Side deities — Kartikeya, Sarba Mangala, Pralambari, Hatayudha, Mrutyunjaya, Natambara, Mukteswar, Sesadeva
No. of horses and their Color — 4 (Black)
Name of Horses —  Tibra, Ghora, Dirghasrama and Swarnanabha
Name of the Charioteer (Sarathi) — Matali
Name of the Car Rope (Rath Daudi) —  Vasuki (250feet long, 8 inch dia.)
Chariot Flag — Unnani
Name of Dadhinauti —  Hiranmayee
Protecting Deity —  Basudev

Details of "DEBA DALANA" Rath of Devi Subhadra

Name of the Chariot — Deva Dalan, Darpadalan or Padma Dhwaja
Presiding Deity — Devi Subhadra
Height — 12.9 meters (42.3 feet)
Length & Breadth — 31.6 feet x 31.6 feet
No. of wheels and their Heights — 12 Wheels, Height: 6 feet 8 inch
No. of Wooden log used —  593
Color of The Cloth — Black, Red
No. of Side deities (Parswa Devata) — 9 Idols & 2 Door Guard Idols
Name of  Side deities — Bimala, Mangala, Barahi, Bhadrakali, Banadurga, Katyayani, Harachandi, Ramachandi, Aghora
No. of horses and their Color — 4 (Red)
Name of Horses —  Rochika, Mochika, Jita and Aparajita
Name of the Charioteer (Sarathi) — Arujn
Name of the Car Rope (Rath Daudi) —  Swarnachuda (250feet long, 8 inch dia.)
Chariot Flag — Nadambika
Name of Dadhinauti —  Bhubankosa
Protecting Deity —  Banadurga

Details of "NANDIGHOSA" Rath of Lord Jagannath

Name of the Chariot — The Nandighosa, Garudadhwaja, Kapiladhwaja
Presiding Deity — Lord Jagannath
Height — 13.5 meters (44.2 feet)
Length & Breadth — 34.6 feet x 34.6 feet
No. of wheels and their Heights — 18 Wheels (Now: 16) Height: 6 feet 
No. of Wooden log used —  832
Color of The Cloth — Yellow, Red
No. of Side deities — 9 Idols & 2 Door Guard Idols
Name of  Side deities — Gobardhana, Gopi Krishna, Nrusingha, Rama, Baraha, Narayan, Tribikram, Hanuman, Rudra.
No. of horses and their Color — 4 (White)
Name of Horses —  Sankha, Balahaka, Sweta and Haridaswa
Name of the Charioteer (Sarathi) — Daruka
Name of the Car Rope (Rath Daudi) —  Sankhachuda (250feet long, 8 inch dia.)
Chariot Flag — Trolikyamohini
Protecting Deity —  Garuda
Name of Dadhinauti —  Hiranyagarva
Name of 16 Wheels —  Bisnusiddha, Bibhuti, Anima, Pragya, Dhi, Gyana, Prema, Asakta, Rati, Keli, Satya, Suswasti, Jagruti, Turiya, Ama, Nirvan

Other Interesting Facts Related to Rath Yatra

Name of Brass Kalasas on the top of Dadhinauti: Nav, Akash, Vyom, Para, Apara, Baikhari, Chandra, Surjya, Bidyut.

Total number of 72 Fasi wooden log used for Rath Wheels along with 1000 other wooden log used to complete 3 chariots. 1090 meters of cloth used for 3 chariots every year. 

Total number of 92 Maharanas, 81 Bhois, 22 -- Kamars and 22 Rupakaras are engaged in the construction work of the Rathas. To cover the Rathas 14 number of - Darajis (tailors) prepare the Rath Mandani.

Every year new chariots are constructed. Only the 'Sarathi' (charioteer), - Ghoda (horses), Kalasa (Crowning element) and Parswa devatas are not made new every year. They are prepared on the year of Nabakalebara. 

The car ropes are supplied by the Kerala Coir Corporation. The clothes for Rathmandani are procured from the Odisha Textile Mills. The lagi cloth of the Lords are prepared by the traditional weavers.

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